Winning and Losing Depends Upon How One Measures It.
There was no doubt that if NATO chose to it would prevail militarily, and it did, but
it surrendered its primary objective - preventing a humanitarian catastrophe. The NATO war
machine, with funding of about $270 billion annually in the U.S., and about $180 billion
annually in the other NATO countries, prevailed militarily over Yugoslavia's armed forces
which receive less than $1 billion annually.
NATO did not wage war as a last resort having exhausted all nonviolent means (Rambouillet Ultimatum of occupying the whole of Yugoslavia) of settling the dispute with Yugoslavia. Under the G-8 plan for peace accepted by Yugoslavia, NATO accepted terms it refused to accept before the NATO ultimatum that triggered the war. NATO's peace plan is unacceptable to the KLA which served as NATO's allies on the ground. The Kosovars have no homes or businesses to return to, few crops and livestock to feed them, and are mentally scarred by what they have witnessed in the last several weeks.
How long will an imposed "peace" last? Will NATO countries, specifically their taxpayers, provide the funding to rebuild Yugoslavia? For how long will the Kosovars accept limited autonomy under NATO occupation?
And what of the formal complaint laid before the tribunal, by a group of lawyers from several countries, charging individual leaders of NATO countries and officials of NATO itself? Will they be brought to trial? And what of President Milosevic and others indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia? Will it be properly processed?
What of the precedent set by NATO in intervening in the internal affairs of a sovereign Yugoslavia? Will this lead to more self-serving interference in the affairs of other states?
This all will only accelerate the arms race of which the U.S. is the primary
beneficiary, the aim why this war was staged in the first place.