An open letter to the people and army of the F.R.Y.
Two days ago, the Yugoslav federal government agreed to a "peace proposal",
carried by Chernomyrdin and Ahtisaari. Later the Serbian parliament sanctioned this
The Yugoslav media hailed this agreement as a victory of sorts. They stressed especially
- The agreement guarantees the territorial integrity of the FRY.
- It provides for an international security force in Kosovo, which will
be under U.N., not NATO mandate.
- Unlike the "Rambouillet agreement" it rules out the possibility of
eventual independence of Kosovo..
As far as we know, however, the Yugoslav media have not disclosed the text of the
agreement. The western media in contrast have. Both the Associated press and Reuter's
agencies have published translations of the text into English. Reading this text, makes
clear that the provisions for "sovereignty" and "territorial
integrity", are abstract phrases, which can only be used as "fig leafs" for
the concrete parts of the text which, in essence, provide for military occupation of
Kosovo by "international forces" in which the role of NATO will be
A plan for occupation, not for peace
Now one could doubt the accuracy of the translations - after all, the western media have
proved beyond doubt that they act as mouthpieces of NATO and CIA propaganda. But there are
some disturbing facts that show that, in this case, the version of the text presented by
Reuter's and A.P. must be accurate:
- First of all, the fact that the Serbian parliament and government have not announced
the text of Ahtisaari's proposal, they only published the decision of the Serbian
parliament which states that this proposal is accepted.
- Second, the fact that there was a long and heated debate in the Serbian parliament,
during which deputies came close to having a fistfight, and the fact that Seselj and 73
other deputies voted down the agreement. Seselj even left the government coalition, in
order to make clear that he will not share the responsibility for the agreement.
The full text of the agreed plan is presented at the end of this letter. Even a cursory
reading shows that, not unlike Rambouillet, it is an occupation proposal not a peace
agreement. According to the plan, the FRY military, paramilitary and police forces will
have to evacuate Kosovo within 7 days. They will be replaced by occupation forces, in
which NATO will play an "essential role".
The disarmament of the KLA and the "sovereignty" and "territorial
integrity" of the FRY ARE NOT GUARANTEED - the plan just states that "they will
be taken into account" - along with the principles of the Rambouillet Agreement!
But even if Kosovo officially stays within the FRY, this will have no practical
significance as long as it is occupied by NATO forces.
Furthermore, this plan is not just about Kosovo. Point 9 mentions a "pact of
stability for southeastern Europe, wide international participation in order to advance
democracy and economic prosperity, and stability and regional cooperation". This
clearly indicates that the economic policy of the FRY will be subjected to western
Will peace come?
Some may say that any peace, even one with heavy terms, is better than the continuation of
the bombardments. But this is far from the truth. First of all, this plan will NOT lead to
peace. Only those who believed that the U.S. and their allied bootlickers started the
attack in order to save the Albanians, can believe that they will stop at Kosovo.
The attack against the FRY was a further step toward the implementation of the "new
world order", which wants the entire world be subjected to the imperialist alliance
headed by the U.S. Before Kosovo we had Bosnia, Iraq, the bombing of Sudan and
Afghanistan. Russia and China have openly declared that they consider the attack against
Yugoslavia to be a prelude to eventual attacks against them. It is certainly not
accidental that at the same time the FRY (including the Chinese embassy) was
attacked, the "Cox report" was released to the public, accusing the Chinese of
spying on the U.S. and stealing nuclear secrets. It is also not accidental that the U.S.,
a country with one of the worse human rights track records, accuses the Chinese of human
rights violations. And it is perhaps not accidental that Pakistan, the regional equivalent
of Albania, has sent its version of the KLA into Kashmir these days. The U.S. plans for
world domination have no room for adversaries. Fearing potential political changes in
Russia which would forever throw such plans into the waste basket, the militarists of NATO
push for the
acceleration of these plans, before it is too late.
In these plans, there is no place for an independent Yugoslavia, however small and
weakened. Yugoslavia must be totally subjugated. The US will not stop the aggression until
the likes of KLA rule in Belgrade. The full territory of the FRY will have to be
transformed into a NATO base, just like Albania, FYROM and Bosnia, before they are
Those who believed that the U.S. would be satisfied with a partial capitulation should
have learned their lesson by now. After Croatia, Slovenia and FYROM, they went after
Bosnia. After Bosnia, it was the turn of Krajna. Then Kosovo. If they get Kosovo, they
will next go after Montenegro and Vojvodina. Then the rest of Serbia. As long as the FRY
forces retreat without fighting a war to the end, they are preparing the stage for the
next phase of the war and every time they are fighting from positions worse than the last.
Those who are still not persuaded, should take a look at Iraq. They will see there what
awaits them in the future, if the FRY troops withdraw from Kosovo. Hussein, like
Milosevic, after two months of bombing, negociated an agreement with the agressors, a
"peace plan". Like Milosevic, he presented this plan to his people as a
"victory". The result of this "victory" is that close to 2 million
Iraqis have died as a direct result of the ongoing embargo. If things come to pass that
way, the days of bombing will be remembered as idyllic, comared to what will follow them.
Why did Milosevic agree?
Some would like to believe that Milosevic agreed to the plan without meaning to implement
it, that he is playing a "trick" at NATO. But we should not forget that
Milosevic is the same man who accepted the secession of Croatia, Slovenia and FYROM, the
same man who signed the Dayton accords, the same man who stood aside while hundreds of
thousands of Serbs were being massacred and expelled from Krajna. Milosevic doesn't want
the destruction of Serbia - this is clear. But it is also
clear that he doesn't have the guts to take his opposition to the end. This of course has
nothing to do with his personal courage, or lack thereof. It is a result of his social
position, a manifestation of the historic impotence of of the oligarchic cliques that
governed the "socialist" countries. In order to oppose the allied forces of
imperialism, to stage a fight that will go to the end, other social forces must come to
the foreground, forces that will not be forced by their ambiguous social position to
follow ambiguous policies.
It seems that for the likes of Milosevic, in the current epoch of deepening social and
international conflicts, history has only left one role: the role of a modern-day Petain.
What are the imperialists' plans for Kosovo and the rest of Yugoslavia?
The west promises "development" to those who succumb. One has just to look at
the neighboring countries, to see what this "development" will mean: complete
destruction of the productive base of the country, the takeover of the state apparatus by
mafia cliques, a forced exodus of millions of economic refugees, the mafia-isation of the
entire society. People who travelled to Yugoslavia from Greece during these weeks, were
amazed at the contrast between Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, through which
they passed on their way. Yugoslavia, inspite of the embargo, the burden of the refugees
from Krajna and Bosnia, the ongoing attacks, had a functioning economy. The fields were
being cultivated, industry is functioning, people have retained their dignity. In
Bulgaria, which is being "developed" by the west for almost a decade now, the
fields are barren, industry has ceased to exist, border guards impose a duty of a bottle
of whisky and a box of cigarettes per person to let them pass. The bus drivers did not
even dare pass through Sofia. "They will even steal our wheels before we leave the
city" they say. And we should keep
in mind that Bulgaria is certainly better off than Albania (at least 1million Albanians
have fled to Greece alone) or Russia where people are litterally starving to death, which
is openly governed by mafia gangs and where the life expectancy has fallen by more than
five years during the last decade. If one considers the example of Italy, which is a
"junior partner" in the imperialist alliance, not an occupied country, he can
understand how the members of the international "security force" will treat
The recent cable car accident, in which 20 italians were killed by american soldiers
playing with the plane they were flying, and for which noone was punished, is a good
If Kosovo is allowed to pass into foreign occupation, the Serbs who live there, along
with the Albanians who had defended the unity of the FRY, will have to flee to the rest of
Serbia. The gangs of mercenaries and ex-convicts who call themselves KLA, as well as the
NATO "peace forces", will fall upon the land like a pest. everything worth
stealing will be stolen, women will be raped, people will be murdered in cold blood. Noone
will be able to lead a normal life, have a honest job, cultivate his land, under these
circumstances. If the rest of Serbia is eventually placed under western control, its fate
will be even worse. The days of the german occupation will come back. Under such
circumstances, the Serbs will inevitably have to fight for their freedom. The partisan
movement will also come to life. Eventually, the occupier will have to leave, just as
Hitler had to. But before leaving, like Hitler, he will have caused enormous misery, human
losses and destruction.
Who gave Milosevic and the parliament the right to agree To NATO's terms?
Milosevic and the parliament claim they represent the Yugoslav people. It is true that the
government was elected. They act as if this gave them the right to fragment Yugoslavia and
place its pieces at an auction.
The truth is different. Milosevic and his clique were elected with the promise that they
would defend the unity of the FRY. Their election did not make Yugoslavia their property.
If they order the withdrawal of forces from Kosovo, they will have forfeited their
mandate. They will have acted as dictators, and even worse, as traitors, as agents of the
The Yugoslavian regime, made in the image of "western democracies", shares with
them this trait, that in times of crisis it becomes the opposite of democracy. Just like
in Greece, where the elected government participates in the attack against Yugoslavia,
against the declared will of 98% of the Greek people. The only regime that can accurately
represent the changing mood of popular masses in times of great changes, is a regime where
the representatives of the people can be recalled at
any time. Such a regime, based on the model of the Paris commune or the Russian soviets,
is the only guarantee that the governments will not be able to sell out their peoples and
deliver them, bound and gagged, to the hangman's hands.
The time has come for everyone, from the head of the army of the FRY to the last soldier,
from the parliament deputies who opposed the agreement to the last citizen of Yugoslavia,
to take their responsibilities and act before it is too late.
What the army must do:
The army's duty is to defend the integrity of its country. If it gives up this duty, it is
committing an act of treason. As the Nurenberg trials have established, "following
orders" does not automatically relieve a soldier from responsibility for his actions.
If the FRY army obeys orders to leave Kosovo, it will be responsible of high treason, just
as much as those who gave the orders. Gen. Radovan Radinovic, commenting o the incident of
two Greek soldiers who refused to obey orders to follow their units which would take part
in NATO's forces, said: "Military attitude is a moral attitude that involves placing
one's life in danger. The philosophy of the army, is to serve values above life... These
two men are deeply moral and impeccable soldiers. They remind me of the German soldier who
refused to execute someone and preferred to take his place on the wall of execution. These
are actions that only people of high moral standing do. When I heard of their actions, I
felt proud of being in the army" Now is the time for the officers and men of the
Yugoslav army to prove they are worthy of the Greeks who refused to fight against them.
The number of NATO planes reported shot down or irreparably damaged during the 72 days of
the war is, according to some sources, close to 200. NATO personel losses must be in the
hundreds. All this without a ground war, in which tens of thousands would have to die in
order to defeat the Yugoslav army.
General Pavlovic, commander of the Kosovo-based Yugoslav third army, said referring to
the possibility of ground operations: " Let them know hell is awaiting them here. The
people and the army are determined to defend Kosovo at any cost. If they come to our soil
they will not be able to stay here. They will be dying in a horrifying manner, for days
and months on end" Western and other military sources, confirm that it will be
extremely difficult, perhaps impossible, to take Kosovo. Is General Pavlovic prepared to
give Kosovo without a fight? Is he willing to pass in history as the man who delivered
Kosovo to the KLA? Does he want his name remembered in the company of those of Marechal
Petain of France or General Tsolakoglu of Greece?
It is true that it is not the business of the army to interfere in politics. Its business
is to guard the territorial integrity of its
country against foreign invaders. But when forces in the interior of the country threaten
this integrity, as was the case with the KLA, the army has the right and the duty to fight
against them too. And when the government (or part of it) or the parliament (or part of
it) decides to cede part of the territory to the enemy, it becomes the duty of the army to
disobey and fight against the traitors, to fight against the government that has become
the fifth column of the enemy, with the same vigor that it fights against the enemy
What the political forces that oppose the agreement must do
It is reported that Vojslav Seselj and the Radical Party oppose this agreement. It remains
to be seen if their opposition is sincere, or if they are just "washing their
hands". If they are sincere, they will have to call upon the army to fulfill its
duties as outlined above, irrespective of the orders it receives. They will have to call
upon the people to overthrow the government and take the destiny of its country in its
What the people of Yugoslavia must do.
Workers who made a human shield to guard their factories against the invader, now have the
duty to defend the country against those who act as agents of the enemy. They must form
red guards, demand to be armed and trained in the use of weapons, under the control of
their unions. They must create a form of government, based on elected and immediately
recallable representatives, that will make sure the government always reflects the will of
the people. They must press the political forces that oppose or feign to oppose the
agreement to act as outlined above. They must press the army to stay in kosovo and fight,
to help them overthrow this government and place a truly democratic one in its place.
What the government of FRY should do
A government that would really want to resist the attack with all its forces, should act
in a way radically different to that of the current FRY government. It would have to take
measures that the current government has not taken, obviously because it didn't want to
"burn all bridges" with the enemy, id didn't want to make a compromise
It is true that Yugoslavia is fighting against superior forces. It cannot win by purely
military means, at least not without suffering
enormous losses. The fight must not be only military, but political as well. The FRY
government must call for help from the peoples of peace-loving countries all over the
world, especially those in the region. It must expose the treacherous governments of
Greece, Russia, FYROM, which act contrary to the will of their peoples, and call these
people to overthrow them. It must make full use for this of radio stations at its
disposal, make broadcasts in Greek and Russian languages, to promote this fight. Continue
to resist the attacks on Kosovo, and at the same time send commando forces and saboteurs
against the enemy armies stationed in neighboring countries, in order to inflict on these
armies heavy casualties. It must start an unrelenting enlightening campaign towards these
soldiers, using every means at each disposal. It must explain to them the meaning of this
war, and call them to mutiny instead of giving their lives for a cause that isn't theirs,
and that isn't just.